This is a lens about Ford Capri.
The Ford Capri was a coup carproduced by Ford of Europe from 1962-86 and in Australia from 1969-94 with gaps. Across these markets three fundamentally different Ford models bearing the name Capri have been developed and these in various versions. There had previously been a Capri from the Lincoln division of Ford USA in 1952 though this was in no way badged as a Ford Capri.
Consul Capri 335 1961-64
The very first use with the name Capri by Ford of Good Britain was as a two door coup version on the Ford Classic saloon. The Ford Consul Capri was introduced in 1961 with 1340 cc engine and from 862 with 1500cc engine and discontinued in July 1964. As well as the Ford Classic it had quite a few then uncommon functions such as twin headlights variable speed wipers disc brakes dimming dashboard lights and a cigar lighter. It had been proclaimed as The Initially Personal car from Ford of Wonderful Britaincitation needed and its design was inspired by late 1950s Usa car or truck designs with rear fins. It had sweeping lines a large boot space and a pillarless coup roof. At first obtainable with an 1340cc engine model 109E this was enhanced in 1962 to 1500cc model 116E. Pur garcinia weber The initial 200 Capri had been hand-made left-hand-drive autos for continental Europe. In Germany with the 1961 Frankfurt Car Show Ford sold 88 Capri. From 1961 to 1964 only 500 Capri have been sold. The oldest of these handmade Capris from 1961 are in Germany. The Consul Capri 335 is one of the rarest autos from Ford.
In 1963 a GT version also 116E exactly the same engine as inside the Cortina GT was introduced but the auto was extremely costly to create and running alongside the really well-known Ford Cortina sales had been disappointing and the Consul Capri was removed from sale just after just two plus a half years.
Capri Mark 1 1969-74
The first Ford Capri to bear that precise name was introduced in January 1969 with the Brussels Motor Display with sales starting up the following month. The intention was to reproduce in Europe the success Ford had had with all the North American Ford Mustang to generate a European pony vehicle. It had been mechanically according to the Cortina and built in Europe at the Dagenham and Halewood plants in the Uk the Genk plant in Belgium and also the Saarlouis and Cologne plants in Germany. The car or truck was named Colt throughout development stage but Ford were unable to work with the name as it was trademarked by Mitsubishi.
Despite the fact that a fastback coup Ford wanted the Capri Mark 1 to be reasonably priced for a broad spectrum of potential purchasers. To assist obtain that it had been obtainable with a assortment of engines. The British and German factories created unique line-ups. The continental model used the Ford Taunus V4 engine in 1.3 1.5 and 1.7 L displacement even though the British versions were powered by the Ford Kent straight-4 in one.three and 1.six L kind. The Cologne V6 2.0 L served as initial range-topper. Until the end from the year new sports versions had been additional- the 2300 GT in Germany utilizing a double-barrel carburettor and 125 PS 92 kW along with the 3000 GT within the UK with all the Essex V6 capable of 138 hp 103 kW.
In April 1970 Ford began selling the Capri outside Europe inside the North-American South African and Australian markets. These versions were powered solely by the underpowered Kent one.6 engine but a Pinto straight-4 2.0 L replaced it in 1971. The North American version featured new headlights and bumpers and carried no brand badge.
A fresh 2637 cc version from the Cologne V6 appeared in September 1971 powering the Capri RS2600. This model employed Kugelfischer fuel injection to raise power to 150 PS 110 kW and was the basis for the Group two RS2600 utilized in the European Touring Auto Championship. The RS2600 also received modified suspensions a close ratio gearbox lightened bodywork panels ventilated disc brakes and aluminium wheels. The 2.six L engine was detuned in September for the deluxe version 2600 GT with 2550 cc and a double-barrel Solex carburettor.
Mark one Facelift
The Capri proved highly thriving with 400000 autos sold until finally 1970 and Ford revised it in 1972 to grow to be whats known by enthusiasts because the Capri Bis or within the UK the Mark one facelift Capri.citation needed The automobile received a brand new and a lot more at ease suspension rectangular headlights and new seats. The V4 and Kent engines had been replaced by the Ford Pinto engine and also the previously UK-only 3000 GT joined the German lineup. The following year 1973 saw the highest sales total the Capri ever attained at 233000 automobiles and also the one000000th Capri sold in August.
In December Ford replaced the RS2600 together with the RS3100 with the Essex V6s displacement elevated to 3098 cc. As opposed to its predecessor it utilized a double-barrel Weber carburettor and reached exactly the same 150 PS 110 kW. Nevertheless the car or truck was nonetheless competitive in touring car or truck racing and Ford Motorsport produced a 100-model limited edition with this new engine. The Group 4 RS3100s engine was tuned by Cosworth in to the GAA with 3412 cc fuel injection DOHC four valves per cylinder and 435 hp in racing trim. The auto also featured improved aerodynamics. In addition to the racing RS3100 the GAA was also utilized in Formula 5000.
Capri Mark 2 1974-77
In February 1974 the Capri Mark 2 was introduced. Soon after 1.two million cars sold and together with the 1973 oil crisis Ford chose to make the new automobile additional suited to everyday driving with a shorter bonnet greater cabin along with the adoption of a hatchback rear door.
Though it was mechanically related for the Mark 1 the Capri two had a revised larger body and also a a lot more contemporary dashboard. The two.0 L version from the Pinto was introduced in the European model and was placed below the two.8L V6 although it was a lot more strong. The Capri nevertheless maintained the significant square headlights which became the simplest solution to distinguish involving a Mark 2 as well as a Mark three. Larger disc brakes and a normal alternator finished the list of modifications.
In an effort to maintain the sporty appeal of your auto Ford introduced the John Player Particular limited edition in March 1975 but in Could 1976 and with sales decreasing the intermediate three.0 GT models disappeared to offer way for the upscale 3.0 S and Ghia designations. In October 1976 production was restricted towards the Saarlouis factory only and also the following year the Capri left the American industry right after 513500 models sold.
Capri Mark 3 1977-86
The Capri Mark three was referred to internally as Project Carla and while little far more than a substantial update in the Mark two it was frequently referred to as the Mark three. Ford only formally adopted the designation following the model ceased production.citation needed The first autos had been obtainable in March 1978 but failed to halt a terminal decline in sales. The notion of a heavily facelifted Capri two was shown at the 1976 Geneva display- a Capri 2 with a front very comparable for the Escort RS2000 with four headlamps and black slatted grille and using a rear spoiler essentially previewed the model some time ahead of launch. The Mark 3 featured enhanced aerodynamics leading to improved overall performance and economy above the Mark two plus the trademark quad headlamps were introduced.
At launch the existing engine and transmission combinations of your Capri 2 had been carried above together with the three.0 S model regarded as the most desirable model despite the fact that in truth the softer Ghia derivative with automatic as an alternative to manual transmission the larger seller with the two V6 engined models. The 3.0 S was applied extensively within the Television series The Experts which was credited with keeping interest within the auto in the UK.
Ford started to focus their focus around the UK Capri market as sales declined realizing the vehicle had a thing of a cult following there. Contrary to sales in the contemporary 4 door Cortina Capri sales in Britain were to private rather than fleet purchasers who would demand less discounts allowing increased margins using the coup. Ford attempted to preserve interest in 1979 with X Pack solutions from the efficiency oriented Rallye Sport components variety. Despite the fact that expensive and slow selling these proved that the press would enthusiastically cover much more developed Capris with larger overall performance.
In 1981 the 2.0 and 3.0 V6 powerplants were dropped from the line-up while a brand new sporty version debuted within the Geneva Motor Display known as the two.8i. The new model was the first typical model since the RS2600 to use fuel injection. Power rose to 160 PS 118 kW along with a leading speed of 131mph however the auto nonetheless had a typical 4-speed gearbox. The Capri Injection breathed new life in to the variety and kept the vehicle in production 2-3 years longer than Ford had planned. The four speed gearbox was replaced with a 5 speed unit early on – at the same time Ford swapped the dated hunting chequered seats for extra luxurious searching velour trim.
Mark 3 continuation
A more substanial upgrade was introduced in 1984 with all the Capri Injection Unique. This development made use of half leather seating and incorporated a limited slip differential – externally the automobile coudl be very easily distinguished by seven spoke RS wheels with out the customary RS logo considering this was not an RS car and colour coded grille and headlamp surrounds. At the same time the 2 litre Capri was rationalized to one model the two.0 S which adopted a mildly modified suspension from the Capri Injection. The one.six model was also reduced to one particular model the 1.six LS.
Although the Capri no longer had a racing profession Ford of Germany developed a restricted edition left hand drive only turbocharged model with 188 hp 140 kW which could propel the car to 220 kmh 137 mph in April 1982. A number of months later Tickford upped the handle a 205 hp 153 kw version which also featured a luxury interior with optional full leather retrim and Wilton carpeting and headlining substantial rear spoiler colour coded front grille deeper bumpers and one off bodykit developed by Simon Saunders later of KAT Styles and now designer with the Ariel Atom. Turbo Technics then released a 200 hp 149 kW version and also a new 230 hp 171 kW evolution which came supplied using a specially developed gearbox. Rear disc brakes have been regular around the Tickford and optional on the Turbo Technics as part of their braking package. This model was basically rebuilt by hand by Tickford at roughly 200 hours per car various of those committed to reshaping the top edge in the bonnet to mate using the redesigned grille and entire body kit. Its nonetheless regarded as on the list of most collectible Capri models these days although with the time it struggled to sell even 100 units in spite of considerable investigation and advancement costs. A single problem was the relative price tag distinction. To put this in point of view if Ford and Tickford determined to produce a Tickford Cougar today then based on the Tickford Capri price in 1982 this would retail at about 80000 with all choices fitted.
From November 1984 onwards the Capri was sold only in Britain and only right hand drive autos were created from this date. The entire assortment of 1.6 L and two.0 L variants were replaced by the Laser which featured a totally populated instrument pod leather gearknob gaiter leather steering wheel and an electric aerial as well as colour coded grille and mirrors.
Mark three continuation II
The last run restricted edition Brooklands Green 280 model featuring a restricted slip differential complete leather Recaro interior and 15 inch versions from the seven spoke 13 inch wheels fitted for the superseded Capri Injection Particular. Ford originally intended to create 500 turbo charged automobiles complete with gold alloy wheels and name it the Capri 500 but a change of production planning meant a name change to Capri 280 as the automobiles had been simply the last models ran down the production line. A total of 1038 280 Capris had been constructed. Contrary to some reports these cars have been not called Capri 280 Brooklands the latter name with the famous Surrey race track only being applied for the paint colour as an alternative to the automobile itself.
When the last Capri was created on December 19 1986 1886647 autos had rolled off the production line. Production had ended at Halewood UK in 1976 plus the Capri was created exclusively in Germany from 1976 to 1986. Most of these more than a million were the Mk1 mostly because the Mark one sold well in North America and Australia though the Mark two and Mark 3 had been only exported outside Europe to Asia and New Zealand in limited numbers.
The Capri is remembered for the classic advertising slogan The car or truck you always promised yourself. A North American advertising campaign featured a shorter line- Capri- The Sexy European.
From 1970 to 1977 the Capri was sold in North America through Fords LincolnMercury Division. These autos carried no brand identification only the Capri name. They have been known even so as the Mercury Capri.
Originally the Cologne-built Capri 1600 was fitted with a British 1.six L Kent engine. Initial output was just 64 hp 48 kw. The 1971 Capri 2000 featured the Cologne-built 2.0 L OHC engine for much-improved functionality from 101 hp 75 kW. A Capri 2600 GT was offered in 1972 with a two.six L Cologne V6 which made a substantial 120 hp 89 kW.
Just after 1977 Ford quit importing the Capri from Europe and in 1979 began promoting a fresh Mercury Capri which was essentially a re-badged Ford Mustang. It was at first accessible having a 88 hp 2.3 L 4 cylinder. Later an optional 302 five.0 L V8 became offered. In 1984 the Capri was available using a 175 hp turbo charged 2.three L four cylinder engine as well as a 165 hp 302 V8. Even though lighter than the V8 model the Capri Turbo lacked the torque from the V8 and suffered from turbo lag making it slower. Next year the V8 was rated at 180 hp plus the turbo model was dropped. This generation of Mercury Capri should not be confused together with the Europe primarily based Capri and it under no circumstances became nearly as popular because the Ford Mustang while it had been basically identical save for cosmetic details. Immediately after 1986 the Mercury Capri was dropped.
In 1991 a brand new Mercury Capri was introduced. This time it had been a convertible 2-seater with FWD and also a 100 hp 4 cylinder 1.6 L engine. It as also available having a 132 hp 1.6 turbo engine. Both versions had been dropped right after 1994.
Ford of South Africa imported the Capri throughout the early aspect of 1970 mostly in three.0 GT and 1.6GT type. A big number of V6 automobiles were converted by specialist Basil Green Racing to run the 5.0 Windsor V8 engine. These models had been acknowledged because the Perana Capri and had been incredibly effective in local touring car events winning the 1970 South African championship just before being promptly banned by the governing entire body. A smaller number of Mark two and Mark 3 Capris had been exported to South Africa at launch of these models having a small number of Windsor conversions done. Most from the Capris that survive in South Africa are one.6 or three.0 models. Fewer 1.three and 2.0 models survive.
The Ford Motor Company of Australia manufactured the Capri at its plant within the suburb of Homebush in Sydney from 1969 until 1972. The Capri was offered to the Australian market initially in four cylinder one.6L typical or GT package working with the Ford Kent OHV engine. In early 1970 a car equipped using the Ford Essex V6 engine UK in 3.0 L type was offered using a GT badge.
Sales with the car or truck started incredibly well but started to dwindle as a result of local and imported competitor automobiles inside the small to mid sized sports sedan segments. In November of 1972 production of the Capri ended in Australia having a total of about 15000 vehicles having been produced. Neither the Mark 1 facelift Capri nor subsequent UK models have been ever made in Australia.
In 1973 Ford Australia imported fifty RS3100 Capris.
Numerous from the surviving cars are well preserved or are utilized in competitive motorsport mainly sprint auto and drag racing
The Ford Capri name was revived in Australia in 1989. The Australian Capri codenamed the SA30 was a convertible created to rival the Mazda MX-5. Ironically it made use of Mazda 323 engines and mechanicals which Ford Australia had adopted because the basis of the Laser. It had a bodyshell intended by Ghia and an interior by ItalDesign. On the other hand by comparison with all the MX-5 it was dated by the time of its release – some two years after its originally scheduled date.
Two models were originally offered- a standard one.six L model in addition to a turbocharged variant with 136 PS 100 kW.
The Australian-built Capri was intended primarily for export for the US. Exports began in 1991 as the Mercury Capri but it fared poorly and was dropped in 1994. The auto was plagued by quality problems and recalls although it eventually had achievement in the early 1990s with models modified by Tickford. Production ended in 1994.
An interesting point was that the retail cost of a US specification Capri in the US was less than the retail price of an Australian specification Capri in Australia. Around 90 of production was exported towards the US along with the increased shipping expenses were offset by the decreased cost of manufacturing the mainstream left hand drive model compared with the small volume proper hand drive model for the Australian market place.
The 1989-94 Capri was assessed inside the Utilized Automobile Safety Ratings 2006 as providing worse than average protection for its occupants inside the event of a crash.
Possible Future Capris
The British magazine Automobile Express and German magazine Stern have shown computer drawings of a proposed Focus-based Capri with Automobile Express advancing a 2005 release date in their July 2002 issue. In September 2003 Ford presented the Visos concept-car a hatchback coup inside the Frankfurt Car Show.
Capris in Common Culture
In the 1984 New Zealand film Shaker Run a heavily modified Capri racing auto powered by a Chevrolet 327 V8 is seen stolen from a Wellington Mitsubishi dealership.
In Only Fools and Horses the later episodes show Del being the proud owner of a lime green with black vinyl roof 1978 Ford Capri Mk3 Ghia in addition to his existing Reliant Regal Supervan III 3-wheeler.
Capris were utilized extensively within the Pros. This was especially so from 1980 onward when both Bodie and Doyle employed Mk3s. The classic Television series Minder featured Terry McCann played by Dennis Waterman behind the wheel of a variety of Capris in the course of it is run.
The John Wayne movie Brannigan capabilities an extended vehicle chase with all the Duke behind the wheel of a Capri which he applied to jump a semi-drawing Tower Bridge
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